If you recently obtained a vehicle, or are in the entire process of selling, probably the most important stages in the sale process is transferring the vehicle title. The title is the legal document that states the owner of the vehicle.
Title transfer laws and regulations vary by state so check your state’s department of motor vehicles for the specific requirements. The operation is usually simple and requires paperwork and signatures.
How to transfer a car title as a buyer
Being the brand new owner of an automobile, you should obtain the paperwork handled as quickly as possible. You will not have legal ownership of the vehicle until you get the new title sorted. However this can't be done on your own, you will have to work in addition to the seller for the transfer to occur. Here are the steps to consider:
- Seller transfers title: The seller from the vehicle must transfer the title to your name. To get this done, they must sign the release and transfer ownership for you.
- Ensure liens are cleared: If the seller has a loan around the vehicle that lien must be resolved. Like a buyer you'll need proof the loan has been paid in full before accepting the vehicle’s title.
- Get new title: After the owner and seller of the vehicle sign off on the title and liens have been cleared then you, the buyer, head to the DMV to get the new title issued beneath your name.
- Temporary title issued: In many cases, a DMV will give you a brief title and mail the ultimate document within a couple weeks.
How to transfer a car title as a seller
If you've sold your vehicle, you must transfer the ownership towards the buyer. It is really an particularly important part of the selling process because you still hold legal ownership until the transfer occurs. This means that you'll be held responsible for any legal trouble or fees that are incurred on the vehicle from the motorist.
- Sign the title: Because the seller, you must sign the old title so that the buyer could possibly get a brand new title in their name.
- Joint owners both sign: If more than one person shows up on the title, you have to check whether the word between the names around the title is “or” or “and” before finalizing the transfer. In the case of an “and,” you'll need the other person listed to sign off around the transfer as well.
How to transfer a car title with a loan
Although the change in vehicle title is fairly straightforward, transferring having a loan present can be a bit more complicated. When the vehicle being transferred holds a current loan, the lending company will probably have having the title. This involves a conversation with the lender to ensure that the loan pays off to be able to receive the title. At this time, you can request evidence of loan pay-off to become sent to the local DMV so that the transfer can occur.
Although the necessary documents differ by state, when the time comes to transfer at the DMV, you'll most likely require the following documentation:
- Vehicle bill of sale.
- Date of sale.
- Vehicle insurance.
- Buyer and recipient’s name and address.
- License information.
The bottom line
Transferring your vehicle title may be the final part of the vehicle buying or selling process and it’s essential that to control your emotions correctly. Make certain all vehicle owners sign the title to transfer ownership to the buyer and all sorts of liens are cleared in order to properly finalize the sale.
Because the guidelines vary by state, it’s also important for buyers to check using the local DMV and call ahead to make sure you have all of the necessary documents before heading in for the new title.